There are two main types of neuropathy: autonomic and peripheral. Autonomic neuropathy damages nerves that control involuntary functions, such as heart rate, blood pressure perspiration and digestion. Peripheral neuropathy damages motor and sensory nerves that lead to pain, numbness and weakness. If you suffer from neuropathy, you should know the side effects and when to seek treatment.
Common Side Effects of Neuropathy
Dizziness and Fainting
Dizziness and fainting are side effects associated with neuropathy. Because these nerves are damaged, blood vessels can’t contract and expand to control blood pressure. You’re most likely to experience dizziness and fainting when standing after sitting or lying down. This happens because blood vessels in your lower body don’t effectively constrict or shrink when blood pressure increases. This causes blood to pool in your legs, which reduces blood pressure in the brain.
Loss of Sensation
Peripheral neuropathy can cause a loss of sensation. This occurs because damage to sensory nerves causes numbness and an inability to determine joint position, which can cause incoordination. You may notice sensory loss that starts in your hands or toes that eventually affects your arms or legs. This can be serious because you may not be able to feel a sore or ulcer developing in the feet. The open sore or ulcer can get infected, which may lead to serious complications.
Neuropathy may affect nerves that control muscles, such as motor nerves in the hands, arms, feet or legs, making it difficult to remove. You may also experience cramps, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, joint instability, lack of coordination and loss of muscle tissue.